Transportation

   Portugal's transportation system consists of 820 kilometers (492 miles) of navigable waterways, 3,630 kilometers (2,178 miles) of railroad, and 73,660 kilometers (44,196 miles) of roads, of which 12,660 (7,596 miles) are unpaved. Improving Portugal's roads and railroads were major priorities during the Estado Novo. In 1946, all of Portugal's private railroad companies were amalgamated into one, the Companhia Portuguesa de Caminhos de Ferro, which was granted a monopoly for rail transport. In 1959, the electrified line from Lisbon to Cascais and the Lisbon metro (subway) opened. Steam engines were gradually replaced with electric and diesel locomotives. During the Estado Novo, the length of Portugal's road network increased threefold and were considered good by European standards in 1950. However, accelerated economic development and the increase in the number of vehicles during the 1960s and 1970s outstripped road capacity, and Portuguese roads became the most dangerous in western Europe.
   Bridge building was also an Estado Novo priority, with bridges over the Douro at Oporto and the suspension bridge (the longest in Europe) at Lisbon being the most impressive examples. The Estado Novo also improved port facilities in Lisbon and Oporto, and built a new deep-water port at Sines. The Estado Novo also built airports at Lisbon (Portela), Oporto (Pedras Rubras), Faro in the Algarve, and Funchal on Madeira to encourage tourism. In 1946, a government-owned airline, Transportes Aéreas Portugueses (TAP), was created and began operating flights within Portugal and to the major cities of western Europe, several larger cities in the United States, South America, and the capital cities of Portugal's colonies in Africa.
   After joining the European Union (EU), Portugal began an ambitious program to modernize its transportation networks in 1986. During the 1990s, the nationalized railroad, airline, trucking, and bus companies were restructured and/or privatized. With the help of EU monies, Portugal's road network was upgraded and superhighways (auto estradas) completed from Lisbon to Oporto and Faro in the Algarve, and from Lisbon and Oporto into Spain. Portugal's railroad network was upgraded to handle high-speed trains (TGVs) between the country's major cities and to Madrid. To facilitate logistics during Expo '98, a new metro station (Oriente) was opened and a new bridge (Vasco da Gama Bridge) built across the Tagus. In the meantime, Lisbon's international airport at Portela, despite steady improvements, could no longer accommodate efficiently the increasing air traffic. An important part of the plan to modernize the Lisbon region's transportation system is the long-debated construction of an additional airport, across the Tagus River, with adjoining roads and underground metro, set to open between 2010 and 2012.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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  • transportation — trans‧por‧ta‧tion [ˌtrænspɔːˈteɪʆn ǁ spər ] noun [uncountable] 1. TRANSPORT the process or business of moving goods from one place to another by rail, air, ship etc: • Prices include transportation from London. 2. TRANSPORT …   Financial and business terms

  • transportation — [ trɑ̃spɔrtasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • av. 1778; h. 1519; lat. transportatio « émigration » 1 ♦ Vx Déportation, exil forcé (d un peuple, d un groupe). 2 ♦ Dr. Institution par laquelle les condamnés aux travaux forcés étaient transportés dans une colonie pour …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Transportation — Trans por*ta tion, n. [L. transportatio: cf. F. transportation.] 1. The act of transporting, or the state of being transported; carriage from one place to another; removal; conveyance. [1913 Webster] To provide a vessel for their transportation.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transportation — index carriage, removal, transmittal Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 transportation …   Law dictionary

  • Transportation — (lat.), überseeische Verschickung verurteilter Verbrecher. Im weitern Sinn also soviel wie Deportation; im engern Sinne des neuern französischen Rechts von dieser wie von der Relegation unterschieden. S. Deportation …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Transportation — (lat.), s.v.w. Deportation …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • transportation — 1530s, act of transporting, noun of action from TRANSPORT (Cf. transport). In the sense of means of conveyance it is first recorded 1853 …   Etymology dictionary

  • transportation — [trans΄pər tā′shən, trans΄pôrtā′shən] n. [Fr < L transportatio] 1. a transporting or being transported 2. ☆ a) a means or system of conveyance b) the work or business of conveying passengers or goods ☆ 3. fare or a ticket for being transported …   English World dictionary

  • transportation — /trans peuhr tay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of transporting. 2. the state of being transported. 3. the means of transport or conveyance. 4. the business of conveying people, goods, etc. 5. price of travel or transport by public conveyance; fare. 6.… …   Universalium

  • transportation — noun (esp. AmE) ⇨ See also ↑transit, ↑transport ADJECTIVE ▪ mass, public ▪ Many destinations can be reached by public transportation. ▪ private ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • transportation — n. (esp. AE; BE usu. has transport) 1) to provide transportation 2) air; bus; ground, surface; mass, public transportation 3) transportation from; to (to provide transportation from the city to the airport) * * * [ˌtrænspɔː teɪʃ(ə)n] bus ground… …   Combinatory dictionary

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